Logo Ecocolmena cuadrado

Benefits and properties of Apis mellifera honey

Tabla de contenidos

We know you like it, we tell you about the benefits and properties of Apis mellifera honey. Since humans first tasted it, they have taken advantage of its great nutritional and medicinal value.

The benefits and properties of Apis mellifera honey for human health have been known since ancient times. Both in topical use and consumption as a natural food and human beings have always enjoyed it. Besides this, The natural chemistry of honey from bees, Apis mellifera, makes it an alchemical, nutritious, healthy and rich product.

Honey from Apis mellifera bees with great nutritional benefits
Benefits and properties of honey from honey bees

Natural honey from honey bees

First of all, honey is honey that has not been heated above 43º or undergone any process, unlike industrial honey, which is pasteurized. Crystallized honey is good because it is its natural process.

Therefore, pasteurization prevents it from crystallizing, therefore it also drastically reduces the quality, since in the process most enzymes, antioxidants and other beneficial properties such as its antibiotic action are destroyed.

Close and pure honey, the benefit of knowing the beekeeper

Another guarantee of quality is its purity and origin. The small beekeeper works in an area of blooms that keep a balance of composition in the nectars of the plants.

The industry has been manipulated by large packaging companies mixing honey from hidden origins, very often from China.

Likewise, associations of beekeepers demand a law that requires determining the origin, while currently the large packers indicate «mixture of honey from the EU and non-EU countries».

That is, from anywhere in the world, without the controls that we demand for food in our country. Therefore, it is an excellent raw material for your health.

Beekeeper harvesting his honey from honeybees
Visit your nearby beekeeper, buy their honey and meet the bees.

Benefits and properties of honey from honey bees

The most frequent minerals are calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, zinc, phosphorus and potassium. About half of the existing amino acids, organic acids (acetic acid, citric acid, among others) and vitamins of the B complex, vitamin C, D and E are also present.

It also has a considerable variety of antioxidants (flavonoids and phenolics). Other discoveries about its properties .

Honey and bee nectar Apis melliferas
Nectar and honey from Apis mellifera bees

The coloration of Apis mellifera bee honey

Bee honey for coughs
Benefits and properties of natural honey from bees

The color varies between the different types. The color is mainly determined by the chemistry of the honey and is determined by the floral source.

However, it has not been possible to identify exactly which agents are responsible for imparting the color to the nectar and subsequently to the honey.

However, it is known that in addition to the minerals obtained from the soil, pigments of plant origin can contribute to its color.

What are the physiological benefits?

As a food, it can be used in many other ways to benefit health.

Dr. Ron Fessenden, a retired physician and chairman of the Committee for Honey and Health in the United States (a non-profit organization), is an expert on the physiological benefits of honey.

In one of his many lectures, he reported on properties such as regulating blood sugar, reducing metabolic stress, and promoting sleep recovery.

Remember: It has many benefits for your health, not so other types of adulterated, mixed or that have been subjected to high temperatures.

Cursos ‘online’ de Apicultura Orgânica de Ecocolmena para cuidar abejas Apis mellifera

Do you want to learn how to take care of bees and make pure honey?

Organic beekeeping online course

1. Regulates blood sugar

It seems counterintuitive that it regulates blood sugar. But the secret to its ability to do so lies in the balance of fructose and glucose.

Likewise, if consumed, the fructose portion allows glucose to be taken up by the liver to form glycogen, which becomes available to the brain, heart, kidneys and red blood cells.

This improves the function of essential organs and tissues, removing glucose from the circulation and thus lowering blood sugar.

Studies have shown that it barely raises blood sugar or insulin levels, producing more glycogen per gram than any other food.

2. The consumption of natural honey reduces metabolic stress

Properties and benefits of Apis mellifera bee honey for allergies
honey consumption helps with pollen allergies

All stress, be it emotional, psychological or physiological, is translated in the body as metabolic stress. One function of the adrenal gland is to produce adrenaline and cortisol, which stimulate the breakdown of muscle protein into amino acids to make new sugars.

This occurs when the brain thinks it is in danger of running out of fuel, for example during physical exercise or during nighttime sleep.

Natural honey and liver

Natural honey produces glycogen in the liver, which is the energy reserve that the brain needs for its normal functioning.

Likewise, we will have sufficient glycogen reserves if we consume at breakfast, before bedtime and at regular intervals throughout the day (especially before and after exercise), these liver glycogen reserves will prevent the release of stress hormones.

Apis mellifera bee sucking nectar from a blue flower
Apis mellifera bee sucking nectar

3. Bee honey promotes sleep recovery.

If we consume it before going to bed, we store glycogen in the liver, which will supply it to the blood when the brain needs it, preventing it from triggering the crisis when it detects low levels of glycogen.

In addition, its consumption stimulates nocturnal relaxation and sleep. The natural sugar it contains produces a slight secretion of insulin, which allows tryptophan to enter the brain more easily and thus allows the secretion of melatonin , a vital hormone for the daily regulation of sleep-wake.

Before going to sleep a teaspoon fights insomnia

It is therefore highly recommended to consume a spoonful of honey with a glass of warm milk (containing tryptophan) before going to bed, for a restful sleep.

Melatonin also regulates heart rhythms, helps improve immunity, and facilitates tissue rebuilding at night.

Dr. Fessenden recommends 3 to 5 tablespoons a day, with no side effects, risks, or negative health consequences.

Well, it still has many more therapeutic effects… also for coughs.

4. Honey as a treatment for constipation

It has a high content of fructooligosaccharides (FOS), which although they have a mainly energetic function, when they reach the colon they behave in a similar way to vegetable fiber: they capture water, increasing the volume of feces and originating gases that increase peristalsis or bowel mobility. Therefore, they exert a mild laxative effect .

In addition, they are the preferred food of the beneficial bacteria that inhabit the colon (our intestinal flora) responsible for the fermentation and putrefaction of food residues that will give rise to feces.

5. Benefit of Apis mellifera bee honey on the brain

Having a brain that works properly and is healthy is one of the goals of a human being. How it is a more complicated problem. It must be supplied with the energy it needs for its cells to perform their functions properly.

The function of calcium in the brain is extremely important, since neurons use calcium to generate the electrical signal, which is conducted from one neuron to another to communicate messages.

If there is not enough calcium, the brain will not work properly. There is scientific information that has shown that it helps absorb and fix calcium in the body, favoring proper brain function.

Besides for the brain, being an excellent recalcifier, it also helps prevent osteoporosis and bone problems.

6. Acne and other skin problems

Most of the people suffer from acne at least once in their life. The most important causes are hormonal imbalance and bacterial colonization of the skin.

Some natural remedies provide comparable antibacterial coverage to commercial products, with the advantage that they are better tolerated than conventional chemical agents. Therefore, it is one of the best options for the treatment of acne caused by bacteria.

How does Apis mellifera honey treat acne?

As an antimicrobial agent, it acts through various mechanisms:

  • Deprives microbes of the moisture they need to survive
  • It acts as a chelating agent, altering the cellular processes of bacteria that require iron.
  • Bees also add an enzyme called glucose oxidase. When applied to the wound, this enzyme produces the local release of hydrogen peroxide. This peroxide behaves in a similar way to the popular acne medication benzoyl peroxide: it breaks down the cell walls of bacteria.
  • Reduces the pH of the skin surface on which it is applied. It has a pH between 3.2 and 4.5. This acidity is enough to kill most microbes.

7. Minimize allergies

Take from the area where it lives two months before the flowering of the area, it can reduce allergies. Bees carry pollen from flowers that make seasonal allergies worse, and some of this pollen gets incorporated.

Likewise, consuming natural from the area before the allergy season can help the body accept pollen without rejection and the allergy disappears.

8. Wounds, burns and ulcers

The antibacterial property allows to prevent the infection of burns or minor wounds. Consequently, the density protects against bacteria and dirt entering a wound. Apply to the cut or wound and cover it with a bandage. Doctors certify that honey for topical wound healing is very effective.

9. Benefits for dry skin

It is an excellent ingredient to use in the bath thanks to its healing and softening properties. Likewise, it can be applied directly on rough skin, or dissolved in water and added to the bath water.

10. Properties of honey for dry lips

Apply a little on dry or chapped lips, and leave for a few minutes to soften into a beeswax lip balm.

11. The menstrual cycle

Honey stimulates the production of omega 6 fatty acid, which regulates hormonal processes in our body.

12. Benefit and properties for the immune system

It has antibacterial and antifungal properties, therefore, it is ideal to stimulate the immune system, not only when ingested, but also when used on the skin.

These properties and benefits of honey help to keep wounds and cuts clean and free of infection, making it a good natural antiseptic.

Finally, as you can see, it is one of the purest, most natural foods with the most benefits for our health, and even today much more scientific research is being done onit because it is thought that there are still more important benefits that have not been corroborated.

Other properties and benefits of bee honey that are being tested, but for which there is no scientific research, is to breathe the air of the hive, the bees never cease to amaze us.

infographic of benefits and properties of consuming
Benefits and properties of natural bee honey


Current regulations prohibit attributing properties that are not supported by sufficient accredited technical or scientific evidence, and expressly recognized by the State Health Administration.


Especially honey from Apis mellifera bees (as well as other sweeteners) can also be extremely dangerous for babies. This is because mixing with the child’s non-acidic digestive juices creates an ideal environment for the growth of Clostridium botulinum spores , which produce toxins.

Botulism spores

In addition, botulism spores are among the few bacteria that survive, but are also widely present in the environment.

Although these spores are harmless to adults, because of their stomach acidity, the digestive system of young children is not developed enough to destroy them, so the spores can potentially cause infant botulism . For this reason it is advised not to feed or any other sweetener to children under one year of age.

Finally, on the Ecocolmena blog you will find more articles on how to take care of bees.

Firma Articulo tecnico de Ecocolmena
Manzano, Jesús. Experto en "Ciencia detrás del comportamiento de las abejas" (2022). Manual de Apicultura en Sistemas de Producción Ecológica (4a. ed.). España, Guadalajara: Ecocolmena. Profesor de apicultura y perito judicial en apicultura - Socio fundador de Ecocolmena


Manzano, Jesús. Experto en «Ciencia detrás del comportamiento de las abejas» (2013). Autor del Manual de Apicultura en Sistemas de Producción Ecológica (4a. ed.). España, Guadalajara: Ecocolmena. Profesor de apicultura y perito judicial en apicultura – Socio fundador de Ecocolmena

Un comentario

  1. Hola me encanta la miel y he estado leyendo sobre todos sus beneficios. Me han dicho que no debe usarse un cubierto de metal para untar la miel qué debe ser de plástico o madera. Es así?? Gracias

Deja una respuesta

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos obligatorios están marcados con *

Ayuda a que haya más polinizadores
Cursos de Apicultura
También en el blog

Otros artículos que te recomendamos

Miel falsa importada en Europa

La miel falsa o fraudulenta importada en Europa lleva a los eurodiputados debatieron el miércoles 28 de febrero en Bruselas cómo implementar para acabar con

Leer más »